Series "Journalism for sale"
Investigative journalism is a form of fact-finding journalistic activity that involves noticing, researching, and uncovering facts that political, economic and social powers conceal, either intentionally, not wanting them to be disclosed, or unintentionally, and ultimately turning these facts into a news article in the form of a story and revealing them to the public. Here, “powers” refers not only to personified actors but also to power that acts through structures, institutions, and systems. “Facts” refers to truths about corruption, fraud, injustice, and negligence on the part of these powers.
Investigative journalism can help to aid victims of the acts by such powers and prevent further people from becoming victims. Its purpose is to end the corruption, fraud, injustice and negligence by powerful forces that creates victims. Specifically, investigative journalism refers to the work of standing up for the interests of civil society to contribute to making the world a better place through a series of journalistic activities starting with interviews and information gathering and building up to the release of a finished article.
The subjects of that work are journalists, the “ists” that take on the work of the “ism” of journalism. Accordingly, it can be said that the work of investigative journalism rests on the subjectivity of journalists, which arises from journalists’ critical awareness of the issues, questions and hypotheses, and antagonism toward powerful forces.